About Hair Loss - Male & Female

About Hair Loss By becosmetic

There is no question about it hair loss is emotionally devastating for any person and it has a marked effect on quality of life. Not only that hair loss is a complicated matter and you may be surprised to hear there are over 40 different types of hair loss known to effect men and women. Most of these are extremely rare with only a handful being common conditions. 




















Types Of Hair Loss - Why It Happens

Androgenetic Alopecia (Common Baldness)

Androgenetic Alopecia, referred to as ‘Common Baldness’ which is categorised as Male Pattern Loss and Female Pattern Loss. This can also be known as Hereditary Hair Loss or Genetic Hair Loss. This type of hair loss accounts for over 85% of the diagnosed cases worldwide. As the statistics suggests it is the most common form of hair loss, and affects many individuals both men and women at some point in their lives. It can start as early as the late teens or early twenties for some men. The condition is caused when enzymes in the body synthesize (chemical reaction) with the hormone testosterone turning into dihydrotestosterone (DHT).

The DHT androgen has the effect of causing the hair follicles to miniaturise or shrink, leading people to proclaim they are losing their hair, when in actual fact their hair shaft is shrinking in size and diameter.
Common Baldness is recognised as a genetic pre disposition from either the Mother or Fathers ancestry.

Male Pattern Baldness, (MPB)

Male Pattern Baldness, (MPB) is typically characterised by a receding hairline at the temples and balding at the top of the head and crown. See Norwood Scale here.

Female Pattern Baldness, (FPB)

Female Pattern Baldness, (FPB) is characterised by hair loss and the widening of a parting along with a reduction in the density and volume of the hair. See Ludwig Scale here.
Pattern hair loss is more likely to be noticed later in women than in men, typically starting in the late twenties through to early forties. It is likely to be seen at times of hormonal change, when using birth control pills, after childbirth, around the time of menopause, and after menopause. Recession at the temples is less likely in women who tend to retain the position of their hairlines.

Like in men, the top of the scalp area is at risk. However in women there is generally a diffuse thinning throughout the the top of the scalp as opposed to receding at the temples and thinning in the crown with men.

There is common misconception that exists that baldness only happens to men and not to women. However, statistics show that by the age of 80, some 57% of women will experience some level of female pattern loss.

Telogen Effluvium

Telogen Effluvium also known as TE, is the second most commonly diagnosed condition for hair loss and is known to effect more women than men.

What is TE? It is when stress causes hair roots to be triggered prematurely into the resting phase. Telogen effluvium can be acute or chronic. If there is a "shock to the system", which is identified as the trigger it can lead to as much as 50% - 70% of the scalp hair being shed in large numbers quite often several months after the "shock".

TE appears as a diffused thinning of the hair on the scalp, which may not be even all over. Most often, the hair on top of the scalp thins more than it does at the sides and back of the head. There is usually no hair line recession, except in a few rare chronic cases.

Traction Alopecia

Traction alopecia is the type of hair loss that can occur over an extended period of time. It's caused by putting the hair under constant strain or tension and is usually caused by styling the hair in tight ponytails or pigtails.

Two groups who can particularly suffer from Traction Alopecia are Afro Caribbean women and Sikh men. For Sikhs the wearing of a top knot or patka, particularly at a young age when the top knot is tied very tightly can lead to stress of the hair follicles with typically lifelong consequences.

Afro Caribbean women who style their hair in braids, dreadlocks or cornrows will very often experience Traction Alopecia with similarly devastating effects.

Trichotillomania

Both Men and Women with Trichotillomania suffer from irresistible urges to pull out hair, most commonly from their scalp, eyelashes or eyebrows, but also from their beards and other parts of their body. Trichotillomania has been described as an Impulse Control Disorder and previously, an Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. 

Hair pulling from the scalp will often leave patchy bald spots, which causes significant distress to the individual. People with trichotillomania may go to great lengths to disguise their condition and the loss of their hair.

Trichotillomania can be mild and generally manageable for some sufferers but for others, the compulsive urge to pull hair is overwhelming and uncontrollable. There are some treatment options which have successfully helped many people reduce their hair pulling urges or stop it entirely.

Hair Loss Treatments By becosmetic


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